Tiếp theo chuỗi blogs đã chia sẻ, hôm nay Etrain sẽ gửi đến các bạn một số từ vựng thuộc chủ đề Sport- một trong những chủ đề thường gặp trong Writing Task 2 nhé. Bên cạnh đó là các ví dụ đi kèm với từng từ để các bạn dễ hiểu hơn về cách áp dụng chúng nhé. Chúng ta cùng bắt đầu nào!
Salary for sports players
Sports players should be given high salary
– Persistence (noun)
Meaning: the fact of continuing to try to do something despite difficulties, especially when other people are against you and think that you are being annoying or unreasonable
Vietnamese: kiên trì, bền bỉ
Example: High salary for sports players is an appropriate recognition for their hard work, persistence and pain.
– Sportsperson = sports player (compound noun)
Meaning: a person who plays a lot of sport, especially as a professional
Vietnamese: vận động viên thể thao
– Sports celebritie = sports icon = sports star (compound noun)
Meaning: a famous person who plays sports
Vietnamese: ngôi sao thể thao
– Risk of something/ doing something (noun)
Meaning: the possibility of something bad happening at some time in the future
Vietnamese: có nguy cơ xảy ra chuyện gì
Example: To be more specific, being a top sportsperson requires hours of practice every day, let alone their high risk of getting injured.
– Struggle with something (verb)
Meaning: to try very hard to do something when it is difficult or when there are a lot of problems
Vietnamese: vật lộn với cái gì
– Live on (phrasal verb)
Meaning: to continue to live or exist
Vietnamese: tiếp tục sống
Example: The career of a sports player is relatively short. After their sport career ends, some of them have to struggle with other fields in order to live on. Therefore, it is worth paying them high salary before they retire.
– Televise something (verb)
Meaning: to broadcast something on television
Vietnamese: phát sóng cái gì
Example: It is fair for a sports icon to earn a lot of money because televised games or events in which they are on can attract a large number of viewers who are willing to pay for seeing their idols in person.
– Endure something (verb)
Meaning: to experience and deal with something that is painful or unpleasant
Vietnamese: chịu đựng, trải qua cái gì
– Scrutiny (noun)
Meaning: careful and thorough examination
Vietnamese: rà soát kỹ lưỡng
– Invasion of privacy (phrase)
Meaning: an act or a process that affects somebody/something’s privacy
Vietnamese: xâm lấn đời tư
Example: Sports celebrities have to endure close scrutiny and invasion of privacy from public and media. Hence, they need to be highly paid in order to afford appropriate security for themselves and their families.
Sports players should not be given high salary
– Unjustified (adjective)
Meaning: not fair or necessary
Vietnamese: không công bằng
Example: Sports players do not provide such vital service for society as other jobs like teachers or doctors, so it is unjustified when a footballer can gain a higher income than a teacher.
– Retire (verb)
Meaning: to stop doing your job, especially because you have reached a particular age or because you are ill/sick
Vietnamese: giải nghệ
Example: Although some sports players do retire in their early 30s, they still have opportunities to become coaches, so they can still earn good money after ending their sports career.
– Sponsorship deal (compound noun)
Meaning: an agreement, especially in business, in which the sponsors agree to pay for players or singers …
Vietnamese: hợp đồng tài trợ
– Sufficient (adjective)
Meaning: enough for a particular purpose
Example: Some top sportspeople can get sponsorship deals or money from magazines or broadcast events, which is sufficient for them to cover their needs after retirement.
Extreme sports should be banned
– Spectator (noun)
Meaning: a person who is watching an event, especially a sports event
Vietnamese: khán giả
Example: Not only can extreme sports put the life of the player at risk but it also endangers the spectators as well.
– Law-breaking (noun)
Meaning: an action of breaking the law
Vietnamese: Phá luật
– Boxer (noun)
Meaning: a person who boxes, especially as a job
Vietnamese: võ sĩ boxing
– Boxing ring (compound noun)
Meaning: A boxing ring is the space in which a boxing match occurs
Vietnamese: đấu trường thi đấu boxing
– Mimic something (verb)
Meaning: copy something
Vietnamese: bắt chước
Example: Extreme sports can encourage violence or law-breaking behaviors in the society. For instance, watching boxers fight against each other in a boxing ring, people especially adolescents may mimic this action and then perform it in their daily life.
Extreme sports should not be banned
– Fatal (adjective)
Meaning: causing or ending in death
Vietnamese: gây chết người
Example: It is relatively difficult to determine which sport is dangerous and should be prohibited. For example, some fatal accidents still occur in the most popular and seemingly harmless like football or gymnastics.
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Sports celebrities and the young
Positives of admiring sports celebrities
– Setting something as an example (phrase)
Meaning: taking a person or their behaviour that is thought to be a good model for others to copy
Vietnamese: coi ai đó là một tấm gương
Example: Setting sports stars as an example can be a good way to encourage teenagers make constant efforts so as to achieve success.
– Diligence (noun)
Meaning: careful and thorough work or effort
Vietnamese: cần cù, siêng năng
– Persistence (noun)
Meaning: the fact of continuing to try to do something despite difficulties
Vietnamese: kiên trì
– Setback (noun)
Meaning: a difficulty or problem that delays or prevents something
Vietnamese: nghịch cảnh
Example: The diligence and persistence of sports competitions could inspire people to overcome their setbacks.
– Voluntary (adjective)
Meaning: done willingly, not because you are forced
Vietnamese: tình nguyện
Example: Society can also gain benefits from voluntary activities that famous sports people do.
– Philanthropic organization (phrase)
Meaning: organization that help those in need
Vietnamese: tổ chức hảo tâm, từ thiện
– Underprivileged children (compound noun)
Meaning: disadvantaged children
Vietnamese: trẻ em có hoàn cảnh khó khăn
Example: Cristiano Ronaldo, a very well-known footballer in the world, is active in assisting philanthropic organizations to help underprivileged children.
Negatives of admiring sports celebrities
– Unhealthy lifestyle (noun phrase)
Meaning: the lifestyle that is not normal and be likely to be harmful
Vietnamese: phong cách sống không lành mạnh
– Drug abuse (noun)
Meaning: the habitual taking of addictive or illegal drugs.
Vietnamese: sử dụng ma túy
– Sexual misconduct (noun phrase)
Meaning: a broad term encompassing any unwelcome behavior of a sexual nature that is committed without consent or by force, intimidation, coercion, or manipulation.
Vietnamese: quấy rối tình dục
Example: In some cases, admiring sports celebrities can be harmful especially if they do not set a good example. To illustrate, some stars have unhealthy lifestyle like drug abuse or sexual misconduct, so it is likely that their loyal fans will copy these lifestyles.
– Odd (adjective)
Meaning: strange or unusual
Vietnamese: lạ lùng, kỳ cục
– Weird (adjective)
Meaning: very strange or unusual and difficult to explain
Vietnamese: lạ đời
Example: Admiring idols can result in some trends in society though the trend is odd or even weird.
– Hooliganism (noun)
Meaning: noisy and violent behaviour by a group of people in public
Vietnamese: nạn côn đồ, quậy phá
Example: Idolizing sports icons can cause hooliganism which is likely to pose threats to the security of society.
Sports and politics
Positives of holding international sporting events
– Take off (phrasal verb)
Meaning: to become successful or popular very quickly or suddenly
Vietnamese: phát triển
Example: Hosting an international sports event can bring the image of the country to overseas people, facilitating foreign investment and tourism industry to take off.
– Host country (noun)
Meaning: A country that holds a sporting or cultural event to which others are invited
Vietnamese: nước chủ nhà
– Indigenous (adjective)
Meaning: belonging to a particular place rather than coming to it from somewhere else
Vietnamese: bản địa, bản xứ
Example: Tourists coming to the host country will spend their money on accommodation, travel, food or entertainment, which helps create more jobs for the locals and increase the revenue for indigenous businesses
– Patriotism (noun)
Meaning: love of your country and willingness to defend it
Vietnamese: lòng yêu nước
– Take something up (phrasal verb)
Meaning: to learn or start to do something, especially for pleasure
Vietnamese: băt đầu cái gì đó
Example: Being a host of an international event will increase the patriotism amongst citizens and encourage them to take up sports, which is a long-term benefit for the nation’s health
– Diplomatic relationship
Meaning: the relationships between countries
Vietnamese: mối quan hệ ngoại giao
Example: Hosting an international sporting event can enhance the diplomatic relationship among nations, contributing to the world peace.
Negatives of holding international sporting events
– Stage (verb)
Meaning: to organize and present a play or an event for people to see
Vietnamese: sắp xếp, tổ chức
– Arena (noun)
Meaning: a place with a flat open area in the middle and seats around it where people can watch sports and entertainment
Vietnamese: trường đấu
Example: Staging international events can cost a large amount of money for building arenas and state-of-the-art infrastructure. Expenditures on hosting sports events can be better invested for other urgent and vital areas like welfare and education.
– Terrorist (noun)
Meaning: a person who takes part in terrorism
Vietnamese: kẻ khủng bố
Example: Hosting an international event may pose threats to national security as terrorists might come to the country.
Professional and amateur sports
Positives of investing in professional sports
– Professional competition (noun phrase)
Meaning: the contest that requires a high level of skills or education
Vietnamese: thi đấu chuyên nghiệp
Example: Investing in professional sports can create a lot of job opportunities for people who are physically talented, enabling them to earn a living through professional competitions.
– Specialized facilities (noun phrase)
Meaning: the building, services or equipment that are designed for a particular purpose
Vietnamese: cơ sở vật chất chuyên dụng
Example: Level of professional sports is much higher than amateur sports, therefore it requires a lot of investments in specialized facilities for training and practicing
Positives of investing in amateur sports
– Fair-play (noun)
Meaning: Respect for the rules or equal treatment of all concerned.
Vietnamese: chơi đẹp
Example: Professional sports can sometimes encourage people to compete for money and fame, which results in they may use bad tricks to win at any cost. Meanwhile, amateur sports encourage people to take part in for their pleasure and fair play.
– Social evil (compound noun)
Meaning: anything detrimental to a society or its citizens, as alcoholism, organized crime, etc.
Vietnamese: tệ nạn xã hội
Example: When a majority of people, especially the youth, have more access to sports facilities, they are less likely to involve in social evils or committing illegal activities
Competition and co-operation in sports
Positives of competition
– Self-esteem (noun)
Meaning: a feeling of being happy with your own character and abilities
Vietnamese: lòng tự tôn
Example: Competitive sports can improve self-esteem to achieve personal best. For example, when a child wins a game, he or she can feel proud of themselves and recognized. Or even when not winning, she or he can still learn how to hold their head high because they have made their best.
Positives of co-operation
– Socialize (verb)
Meaning: to meet and spend time with people in a friendly way, in order to enjoy yourself
Vietnamese: hòa nhập
Example: When taking part in sports, co-operation should be encouraged, especially among children, as it helps them to socialize and learn teamwork skills.
– Negotiate (verb)
Meaning: to try to reach an agreement by formal discussion
Vietnamese: đàm phán, dàn xếp
– Resolve dispute (phrase)
Meaning: to find an acceptable solution a disagreement or conflict
Vietnamese: giải quyết tranh cãi
Example: Playing team sports, people are required to negotiate, share ideas and resolve disputes when needed. This is supposed to help them in their work and daily life.
– Be under pressure (phrase)
Meaning: being forced to do something
Vietnamese: chịu áp lực
Example: In competitive sports people are under pressure of winning, which may result in cheating.
Như vậy Etrain đã gửi đến các bạn khá nhiều từ và cụm từ trong chủ đề Sport đi theo ngữ cảnh rồi đúng không nào. Các bạn hãy cũng chăm chỉ để đạt được mục tiêu của mình với Writing task 2 nhé!