Tiếp nối chuỗi các bài blogs, hôm nay Etrain sẽ gửi đến các bạn một trong những chủ đề quen thuộc và có thể nói, tần suất xuất hiện trong đề thi IELTS Writing task 2 là rất nhiều. Đó là chủ đề khoa học công nghệ – Science and Technology.
Bên cạnh ý tưởng thì từ vựng hay, phong phú và phù hợp với chủ đề trong khi viết bài cũng là một thử thách với các bạn, vậy nên chúng ta hãy cùng trau dồi thêm từ vựng cùng với Etrain về chủ đề này nhé!
Positives of traditional skills
– Conventional (adjective)
Meaning: Based on or in accordance with what is generally done or believed.
Vietnamese: Truyền thống
Example: Conventional skills can be a great source of inspirations for modern technologies development.
– Preserve (verb)
Meaning: Maintain (something) in its original or existing state
Vietnamese: Bảo tồn
Example: Such inspiration has boosted the business, therefore, in turn, would result in more money allocated for preserving those valuable skills for further development.
– Historical value (noun phrase)
Meaning: The value of or concerning history or past events
Vietnamese: Giá trị lịch sử
Example: Traditional skills keep people’s culture alive and have a historical value.
Technology and entertainment
Advantages of technology on entertainment
– Entertainment industry (noun)
Meaning: the business of entertainment
Vietnamese: ngành công nghiệp giải trí
Example: Technology has facilitated the entertainment industry to take off.
– Virtual word (phrase)
Meaning: images, sounds and text used by a computer to create a world where people can communicate with each other, play games and pretend to live another life; not physically existing world
Vietnamese: thế giới ảo
Example: For example, video game technology has developed into a billions-of-dollar-a-year industry, producing games that invite players into a virtual world of fantasy, sport and even war.
– Satellite technology (phrase)
Meaning: the technology that use electronic device that is sent into space and moves around the earth or another planet.
Vietnamese: công nghệ vệ tinh
– Satellite television (phrase)
Meaning: television broadcasting using a satellite to relay signals to appropriately equipped customers in a particular area.
Vietnamese: truyền hình vệ tinh
Example: With the invention of satellite technology, consumers are given more choices for entertainment like watching a live concert through satellite televisions at home rather than traveling long distances in order to enjoy the concert.
– Pastime (noun)
Meaning: An activity that someone does regularly for enjoyment rather than work; a hobby.
Vietnamese: Thú tiêu khiển
Example: While some pastimes such as golf and stamp collection can be too expensive for many, video games and portable music players seem to be more popular amongt average income people.
Disadvantages of technology on entertainment
– Sedentary lifestyle (noun phrase)
Meaning: The way of life which is tending to spend much time seated; somewhat inactive
Vietnamese: Lối sống ì
– Gadget (noun)
Meaning: a small tool or device that does something useful
Vietnamese: đồ dùng, đồ vật
Example: The first disadvantage is a sedentary lifestyle which results from spending too much time using the advanced technology gadget such as computer or mobile phone and neglecting some outdoor activities.
– Damaged eye-sight (phrase)
Meaning: ablity to see that is no longer good
Vietnamese: thị lực kém
Example: This lifestyle is prone to entail many health problems such as obesity and damaged eye-sight.
– State-of-the-art (adjective)
Vietnamese: Hiện đại
– Isolation (noun)
Meaning: The process or fact of isolating or being isolated.
Vietnamese: Sự cô lập
Example: The state-of-the-art technology can increase the isolation among people.
– Immerse in something (phrasal verb)
Meaning: Dip or submerge in a liquid
Vietnamese: Đắm chìm trong cái gì
Example: They will immerse themselves in virtual world and lack social interaction as they used to.
– Illegal download (noun)
Meaning: something that is downloaded illegally
Vietnamese: download trái phép
Example: Free access to music can also result in illegal downloads which violates the rights of singers and discourages them from producing more high quality products.
Technology and communication
Positives of technology on communication
– Immediate (adj)
Meaning: happening or done without delay
Vietnamese: ngay lập tức
Example: Technological advances have made communication more immediate and convenient.
– The advent of something (phrase)
Meaning: the coming of an important event, person, invention, etc.
Vietnamese: sự xuất hiện, ra đời của cái gì
– Electronic mail (phrase)
Meaning: the same as e-mail
Vietnamese: thư điện tử
Example: Now with the advent of electronic mails, people can communicate and interact almost instantly without paying any kind of fees.
– Establish a relationship (phrase)
Meaning: build up a relationship
Vietnamese: thiết lập mối quan hệ
– Maintain a relationship (phrase)
Meaning: keep and continue a relationship
Vietnamese: giữ vững, duy trì mối quan hệ
Example: The advent of social networking sites has made it easier for users to establish and maintain a relationship such as Facebook – the one of the biggest social networks that connect people all around the world and help people keep informed about the life of their friends through their posts or pictures uploaded.
– Internet community (noun phrase)
Meaning: the people who use the Internet
Vietnamese: Cộng đồng mạng
Example: Social network also creates the Internet community in which people share and discuss information as well as experience, or they even learn from each other
– Netizen (noun) (informal)
Meaning: a person who uses the Internet a lot
Vietnamese: người sử dụng Internet nhiều
Example: For instance, there were some cases when a person wanted to find his or her missing parents and thanks to the help of ‘netizens’, they can finally find out their relatives.
Negatives of technology on communication
– Electronic equipment (noun phrase)
Meaning: The necessary items for a particular purpose running by electricity
Vietnamese: Đồ điện tử
– Cyber world (noun phrase)
Vietnamese: thế giới ảo
– Addict (noun)
Meaning: A person who is addicted to a particular thing
Vietnamse: người nghiện ngập
Example: If each person possesses a piece of electronic equipment like smart phone, they seem to communicate less, become an addict and immerse into their own cyber world.
– Interaction (noun)
Meaning: Communication or direct involvement with someone or something.
Vietnamese: sự tương tác
Example: In the workplace, the employees talk to each other less and mainly communicate with their co-workers via email, which leads to a less close interaction and relationship.
Technology and personal information
– Advance (noun)
Meaning: A forward movement.
Vietnamese: Bước đột phá
Example: Thankfully advances in technology have aided security, however, due to these advances, everything is connected to the internet in some way.
– Identity thief (noun phrase)
Meaning: A person who pretends to be someone else, an impostor (rare)
Vietnamese: Trộm danh tính
– Hack (verb)
Meaning: Program quickly and roughly
Vietnamese: Đánh cắp chương trình
Example: Due to the network of worldwide devices and systems, many have fallen prey to an identity thief, hacked accounts by some mischievous hacker.
– Attack (verb)
Meaning: Take aggressive military action against (a place or enemy forces) with weapons or armed force
Vietnamese: Tấn công
Example: The road to recovery from these types of attacks can be extremely long and painstaking.
– Bank account (noun phrase)
Meaning: An arrangement made with a bank whereby one may deposit and withdraw money and in some cases be paid interest.
Vietnamese: Tài khoản ngân hàng
Example: Don’t carelessly give out personal information, including Social Security numbers, bank account or credit card numbers or PINs, usernames, passwords or other items that should remain confidential.
– Unwanted (adjective)
Meaning: Not or no longer desired
Vietnamese: Không mong muốn
Example: You need to destroy unwanted documents that contain personal information before throwing it away.
Technology and work
Advantages of technology in workplace
– Revolutionize (verb)
Meaning: Change (something) radically or fundamentally.
Vietnamese: Cách mạng hóa
Example: The internet, fax and mobile phone technologies have revolutionized working life because the workers can communicate via email, online networks and video conferencing
– Paper document (noun phrase)
Meaning: A piece of written paper
Vietnamese: Tài liệu giấy
Example: The tools like email, online networks and video conferencing help workers save time and money for travelling or delivering the paper documents.
– Storage (noun)
Meaning: The action or method of storing something for future use
Vietnamese: Kho lưu trữ
– Virtual world (noun phrase)
Meaning: Not physically existing as such but made by software to appear to do so
Vietnamese: Thế giới ảo
Example: The advanced technology gives us massive storage capacity, which means offices can store a huge number of documents, reports and data on this virtual world.
Disadvantages of technology in workplace
– Hacking risk (noun phrase)
Meaning: The gaining of unauthorized access to data in a system or computer.
Vietnamese: Nguy cơ bị rò rỉ
– Information theft (noun phrase)
Meaning: The action or crime of stealing information
Vietnamese: Trộm cắp thông tin
Example: Despite increased security efforts, there are always hacking risks from the outside and the internal threat of information theft from employees with security clearances.
– Face-to-face (adjective)
Meaning: Close together and facing each other.
Vietnamese: Trực tiếp
Example: Cell phones, email, text messages and social media have largely replaced face-to-face communications. Too much reliance on electronic methods of communication can decrease vital personal interaction.
– Distraction (noun)
Meaning: A thing that prevents someone from concentrating on something else.
Vietnamese: Sự mất tập trung
Example: Technology can add more distractions because of their noise from phone rings, fax machine or computers.
Technology and education
Advantages of technology in education
– Utilize (verb)
Meaning: Make practical and effective use of.
Vietnamese: Sử dụng
Example: Utilizing technology give the teachers and students the ability to really get into the subject that they are learning about by creating the amazing illustrations on smartboards, computers or projectors.
– Priceless (adjective)
Meaning: So precious that its value cannot be determined.
Vietnamese: Vô giá
– Expand (verb)
Meaning: Become or make larger or more extensive.
Vietnamese: Mở rộng
– Seek (verb)
Meaning: Attempt to find (something)
Vietnamese: Tìm kiếm
Example: This is a priceless benefit for technology because students can expand their own understanding, and seek answers or information on subjects very easily.
– Overloaded (adjective)
Meaning: Loaded with too great a burden or cargo.
Vietnamese: Quá tải
Example: No more heavy and overloaded backpacks are required. The higher level one proceeds in education, the more books and tools they are required to bring with them each day, but this would no longer be a problem if all learning resources are online.
Disadvantages of technology in education
– Access (verb)
Meaning: Approach or enter (a place)
Vietnamese: Truy cập
– Distract (verb)
Meaning: Prevent (someone) from concentrating on something.
Vietnamese: Làm mất tập trung
Example: While many great educational resources can be accessed, there are also a lot of distractions such as music, games and videos which distract students from what they are supposed to be doing with their technology.
– Shadow (verb)
Meaning: To cover
Vietnamese: Che phủ
Example: The great wealth of information on the Internet is easily overshadowed by the amount of harmful materials.
– Pornographic (adjective)
Meaning: Constituting or resembling pornography; obscene.
Vietnamese: Khiêu dâm, đồi trụy
Example: Violence, pornographic materials, and hateful messages can all be accessed by students.
– Cheat (verb)
Meaning: Act dishonestly or unfairly in order to gain an advantage.
Vietnamese: Gian lận
Example: The final big problem is just how easy it has become for students to cheat.
Như vậy trên đây đã là một số cụm từ vựng cũng như các ví dụ khá liên quan đến các bài Writing task 2 topic Science and Technology rồi đúng không nào. Các bạn cũng có thể thấy chủ đề công nghệ cũng có tác động qua lại với một số chủ đề thường gặp khác trong task 2, vì thế, bạn hãy tham khảo thêm các blog từ vựng IELTS Writing task 2 thuộc các chủ đề liên quan trên nữa nhé.
Và để làm cho bài viết của mình toàn diện nhất, các bạn hãy tham khảo thêm cuốn Phát triển từ vựng và tưởng cho bài Writing Task 2 theo chủ đề của Etrain nhé!
Chúc các bạn học tốt!