Như các bạn đã biết, sức khỏe là chủ đề được nhắc đến khá nhiều không chỉ trong Speaking mà còn trong Writing Task 2. Mặt khác, ngoài việc ôn lại những ngữ pháp cần thiết, từ vựng đóng một tầm quan trọng nhất định trong IELTS Writing task 2 vì nó là một trong 4 tiêu chí chấm điểm của ban giám khảo đồng nghĩa với việc tiêu chí này sẽ chiếm đến 25% tổng số điểm task 2 của bạn. Vậy nên để giúp các bạn làm tốt những đề thi chủ đề sức khỏe, hôm nay Etrain sẽ chia sẻ về các từ vựng thường dùng trong chủ đề này nhé!
Exercise and healthy lifestyle
Some diseases and the benefits of doing exercise or having a healthy lifestyle
– Chronic disease (noun phrase)
Meaning: A long term illness, often can’t be cured
Vietnamese: Bệnh mãn tính
Example: Doing exercise is essential to stay healthy and prevent chronic diseases.
– Fat level (noun phrase)
Meaning: the level of fats
Vietnamese: lượng chất béo
– Blood pressure (noun phrase)
Vietnamese: Huyết áp
– Cardiovascular disease (noun phrase)
Meaning: Diseases related to the heart and vessel
Vietnamese: Các bệnh tim mạch
Example: Regular exercise helps keep fat level and blood pressure low, thus preventing diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
– Upbeat (adjective) (informal)
Meaning: Cheerful, optimistic
Vietnamese: Vui vẻ, lạc quan
Example: A healthy lifestyle can help us become more confident, sleep better and generally feel more upbeat.
– Brain function (noun phrase)
Meaning: The ability of the brain to work properly
Vietnamese: Hoạt động não
– Dementia (noun)
Meaning: A mental disorder involving lost of memory, personality or reasoning ability
Vietnamese: Bệnh mất trí nhớ
– Schizophrenia (noun)
Meaning: A long term mental disorder involving the break down of relationship between thoughts, emotions and behaviors
Vietnamese: Bệnh tâm thần
Example: Besides physical benefits, doing exercise can help us improve brain function, enhance our memory and prevent diseases such as dementia or schizophrenia.
Solutions to encourage people do exercise more
– Support group (noun)
Meaning: A group of people with common experiences or concerns who provide each other with encouragement, comfort and advice
Vietnamese: Nhóm người với chung nỗi lo hoặc vấn đề và hỗ trợ nhau.
Example: A good solution to encourage people to exercise is to organise support groups and get people to exercise together.
– Inactiveness (adjective)
Meaning: The state of being inactive
Vietnamese: Sự thiếu vận động
– To spur (somebody) to action (verb phrase)
Meaning: To encourage to do something
Vietnamese: Khuyến khích ai đó thực hiện một thay đổi
Example: Health awareness education can also be an effective solution, in fact, showing people the dangers of chronic diseases that may be caused by inactiveness will spur them to take action.
– Intake (noun)
Meaning: the amount of food, drink, etc. that you take into your body
Vietnamese: lượng tiêu thụ, lượng nạp vào
– Be high in something (phrase)
Meaning: containing a lot of a particular substance
Vietnamese: chứa nhiều chất gì
Example: For individuals, to start exercising more effectively, they should also improve their diet by reducing the intake of foods that are high in fats, sugar and salt like fast food or junk food to protect health better.
Benefits of traditional medicine
– To be derived from (verb phrase)
Meaning: Obtain something from
Vietnamese: Được chiết xuất từ
– Herb (noun)
Meaning: Any plant with leaves, seeds, or flowers used for flavouring, food, medicine, or perfume.
Vietnamese: thảo mộc
Example: Traditional medicine is derived from natural resources like herbs so it will not be contaminated by harmful chemicals.
– Overdose (noun)
Meaning: An excessive and dangerous dose of a drug.
Vietnamese: quá liều
– Side effect (noun phrase)
Meaning: A secondary, typically undesirable effect of a drug or medical treatment.
Vietnamese: Tác dụng phụ
Example: Some people still prefer traditional medicine as they don’t really need to care about the overdose of intake or side effects of herbs.
Benefits of modern medicine
– Reliable (adjective)
Meaning: Able to be relied on as honest or truthful.
Vietnamese: đáng tin tưởng
Example: Modern medicine, for some people, is believed to be more reliable than the traditional ones because it is proven my science and machine before testing and applying for patients.
– Infectious disease (compound noun)
Meaning: disease which transmit from people to people, organisms, etc. through the environment.
Vietnamese: bệnh lây nhiễm
– Chickenpox (noun)
Vietnamese: Bệnh thuỷ đậu
– Malaria (noun)
Vietnamese: Bệnh sốt rét
Example: With advancements in technology, modern medicines have cured infectious diseases that traditional medicines could not, such as chickenpox or malaria.
The effects of smoking
– Second-hand smoking (phrase)
Meaning: Indirect inhalation of smoke from another person
Vietnamese: Hút khói gián tiếp từ người hút thuốc khác
– First-hand smoking (phrase)
Meaning: direct inhalation of smoke from another person
Vietnamese: hút khói trực tiếp, hút thuốc trực tiếp
Example: Smoking also indirectly affects those around the smoker. It has been proven that second-hand smoking causes just as much harm as first-hand smoking.
– To cough (verb)
Meaning: expel air from the lung with a sudden sharp sound
– Heart rate (noun phrase)
Vietnamese: Nhịp tim
– Lung cancer (noun phrase)
Vietnamese: Bệnh ung thư phổi
Example: Smoking has many harmful effects for the health of the smoker. Short term, smoking may cause coughing, increase blood pressure and heart rate. Long term, smoking may lead to lung cancer.
– Stain (noun)
Meaning: A coloured patch or dirty mark
Vietnamese: Vết ố
– Wrinkle (verb)
Meaning: A slight fold in the skin of the face
Vietnamese: Vết nhăn trên mặt
Example: Beside the effects on health, smokers often look older than they actually are, as cigarettes cause stain on the teeth, and also wrinkles on a person’s face.
Hygiene and sanitation
– Sanitation system (noun phrase)
Meaning: A system to clean water for usage
Vietnamese: Hệ thống vệ sinh nước
– Personal hygiene (noun phrase)
Meaning: Personal conditions to maintain health through cleanliness
Vietnamese: Vệ sinh cá nhân
Example: Some countries and regions are so poor that they can’t install proper sanitation systems to clean water and improve personal hygiene for the people.
– Waste (noun)
Meaning: Unwanted substance or material
Vietnamese: Chất thải
– To contaminate (verb)
Meaning: To pollute
Vietnamese: Làm ô nhiễm
Example: Factories in these regions are releasing excessive waste into rivers and oceans, contaminating the life source of the people.
– To exacerbate (verb)
Meaning: To make more serious
Vietnamese: Làm nghiêm trọng hơn
– Bribe (noun)
Meaning: Money given to someone in power, usually to ask for a favour
Vietnamese: Tiền hối lộ
Example: To exacerbate the problem, governments in some of these countries are corrupt. They receive bribes from big companies to ignore the fact that their factories are polluting the environment.
– Donate (verb)
Meaning: Give (money or goods) for a good cause, for example to a charity.
Vietnamese: quyên góp
Example: Philanthropists and non-profit organisations can either donate money or organise charity programmes to build proper sanitation systems for poor countries.
– To shed more light on (something) (verb phrase)
Meaning: To get more people to know about (something)
Vietnamese: Gây chú ý tới một thứ gì đó
Example: The media should shed more light on this problem so as to attract more aid because the world still doesn’t know about many countries that don’t have proper sanitation systems.
– To comply with environmental regulations (verb phrase)
Vietnamese: Tuân Theo những luật lệ về bảo vệ môi trường
Example: International organisations like the UN should step in and do regular checks on whether factories in these countries are complying with environmental regulations.
Why health awareness education is important
– Health awareness education (noun phrase)
Meaning: Programmes to teach people about the importance of maintaining a good health
Vietnamese: Giáo dục nhận thức về sức khoẻ
– To combat health issues (verb phrase)
Vietnamese: Giải quyết/Loại bỏ các vấn đề về sức khoẻ
Example: Health awareness education is an effective tool to combat health issues because many people are still unaware of the negative effects of some of their habits.
– Life-threatening illness (noun phrase)
Meaning: A disease that is very dangerous and can kill people
Vietnamese: Bệnh gây nguy hiểm chết người
– To act as a deterrent (verb phrase)
Meaning: To stop someone from doing something
Vietnamese: Ngăn chặn
Example: Teaching people about life-threatening illnesses that can be caused by some of their habits may act as a deterrent to these habits.
– To opt for a healthier lifestyle (verb phrase)
Vietnamese: Chọn một lối sống lành mạnh hơn
– To mitigate (verb)
Meaning: To make (something) less severe or less serious
Vietnamese: Cắt giảm
Example: Repeated exposure to educational messages will convince people to opt for a healthier lifestyle and mitigate junk food consumption.
Private healthcare or public healthcare
Advantages of private healthcare
– Private hospital (noun phrase)
Meaning: A hospital owned by a profit company and funded by payments from patients
Vietnamese: Bệnh viên tư nhân
– Public hospital (noun phrase)
Meaning: A hospital owned by the government and receives funding from the government
Vietnamese: Bệnh viên công
– Patient (noun)
Meaning: A person receiving medical treatment
Vietnamese: Bệnh nhân
– Treatment (noun)
Meaning: A procedure to cure a certain illness
Vietnamese: Sự điều trị bệnh
Example: Private hospitals often have more funds than public hospitals and can give patients higher quality treatments and uses of state-of-the-art machineries.
– Hospital fee (noun phrase)
Meaning: The amount of money paid for a medical treatment in a hospital
Vietnamese: Tiền viện phí
– Waiting list (noun phrase)
Meaning: List of people waiting to receive a treatment or a meeting
Vietnamese: Danh sách chờ
– Appointment (noun)
Meaning: An arrangement to meet someone at a chosen time and place
Vietnamese: Cuộc hẹn
– Operation (noun)
Meaning: An act of surgery performed on a patient
Vietnamese: Ca phẫu thuật
Example: As patients have to pay high hospital fees, they can expect a shorter waiting lists for appointments or operations.
– Healthcare (noun)
Meaning: The organized provision of medical care to individuals or a community.
Vietnamese: sự chăm sóc sức khỏe
– Ward (noun)
Meaning: a separate room or area in a hospital for people with the same type of medical condition
Vietnamese: phòng bệnh
– Visiting hour (noun phrase)
Meaning: The time set for a patient’s family and friends to visit the patient
Vietnamese: Giờ thăm bệnh nhân
Example: Due to the high charge in private hospitals, the patients can also have their own better healthcare services like well-equipped wards and flexible visiting hours.
Advantages of public healthcare
– Have access to (verb)
Meaning: to approach
Vietnamese: tiếp cận với
Example: Public hospitals are often free or cost much lower compared to private hospitals. Thus, poorer patients will also have access to healthcare.
– Survival (noun)
Meaning: The state or fact of continuing to live or exist, typically in spite of an accident, ordeal, or difficult circumstances.
Vietnamese: sự sống sót
Example: The system is also fairer as everyone will be getting the same treatment and survival will not be a benefit only for the rich.
– To get the boot (verb phrase)
Meaning: To be fired/ To be given the sack
Vietnamese: Bị sa thải
Example: There are multiple factors that could lead to stress, and one of them is our work life. Long working hours, bad management or fear of getting the boot can all lead to stress.
– Break-up (noun)
Meaning: The end of a relationship
Vietnamese: Một cuộc chia tay
– Divorce (noun)
Meaning: The end of a marital relationship
Vietnamese: Một cuộc li hôn
– Distress (noun)
Vietnamese: Phiền muộn
Example: Relationships can also lead to stress. Arguments in the family, break-ups or divorces can all cause a lot of distress.
– To get fit (verb phrase)
Meaning: To be physically healthy
Vietnamese: Giữ sức khoẻ tốt
Example: The most effective solution to relieve stress is to exercise. Putting physical pressure on your body and getting fit will reduce anxiety and make you feel more confident.
– Nutrient (noun)
Meaning: Food or nourishment
Vietnamese: Chất dinh dưỡng/ Thực phẩm dinh dưỡng
Example: Nowadays, there are also nutrients that can help relieve stress. The scientists have proved that some kinds of seeds such as almonds or sunflower seeds not only supply healthy oil for body organs but also eliminate mental problems such as stress.
– Essence (noun)
Meaning: an extract obtained from plants
Vietnamese: Tinh dầu
– Mental fatigue (noun phrase)
Meaning: Extreme tiredness in the mind
Vietnamese: Sự mệt mỏi trí óc
Example: Several supplements such as essence or green tea have been proved to reduce mental fatigue.
– To have a good laugh (phrase)
Meaning: To have a good time
Vietnamese: Cười đùa vui vẻ
Example: Another medicine is optimism. Taking a holiday or watch a comedy together and have a good laugh will help us feel more relaxed.
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