Trên thế giới hiện nay đang có rất nhiều những vấn đề cần được giải quyết như vấn đề môi trường, tôn giáo sắc tộc, xung đột biên giới, khủng bố… Tuy nhiên trong khuôn khổ blog này, Etrain sẽ chỉ gửi đến các bạn một số cụm từ vựng hay và bổ ích về một số vấn đề nhỏ thường gặp trong Writing task 2 chủ đề Global Problems.
– Immigrant (noun)
Meaning: A person who comes to live permanently in a foreign country
Vietnamese: Người nhập cư
Example: Immigration is beneficial for economies as many immigrants have skills that are needed in the country they move to.
– Local (noun)
Meaning: Someone who was born and raised in a certain place
Vietnamese: Người bản xứ
Example: Not only that, they also contribute by paying taxes and buying products from locals.
– Cultural diversity (noun)
Meaning: The existence of a variety of cultural or ethnic groups within a society.
Vietnamese: đa dạng văn hóa
Example: Immigration helps create cultural diversity where people of different backgrounds live together.
– Open-minded (adjective)
Meaning: Willing to consider new ideas or beliefs
Vietnamese: Suy nghĩ cởi mở
Example: This will help everyone become more tolerant and open-minded.
– Unemployment (noun)
Meaning: The state of being unemployed.
Vietnamese: thất nghiệp
– Low-skilled (adj)
Vietnamese: kỹ năng kém
Example: It could be said that a high immigration rate would create unemployment for the locals as low-skilled immigrants are willing to work for lower pay, while highly-skilled immigrants are more hard-working and will take all the high-paying jobs.
– Cultural heritage (noun phrase)
Vietnamese: Di sản văn hoá
Example: Immigration may also lead to a loss of cultural heritage for countries, if those who come in do not appreciate and follow the local traditions, instead bringing in their own ways of life.
– Globalization (noun)
Meaning: The process by which businesses or other organizations develop international influence or start operating on an international scale.
Vietnamese: toàn cầu hóa
– Free trade agreement (noun phrase)
Meaning: An agreement between countries to allow exports and imports without tariffs
Vietnamese: Hiệp ước thương mại tự do
Example: Globalization helps business expand overseas as countries sign free trade agreements.
– Tariff (noun)
Meaning: A tax or duty to be paid for imports or exports
Vietnamese: Thuế xuất nhập khẩu
– Market (noun)
Meaning: An area in which commercial dealings are conducted
Vietnamese: Thị trường
– Profit (noun)
Meaning: A financial gain, especially the difference between the amount earned and the amount spent in buying, operating, or producing something.
Vietnamese: lợi nhuận
Example: This helps to create more jobs in developing countries and for big corporations to gain more profits from access to more markets without tariffs.
– Diplomatic relationship (noun phrase)
Vietnamese: Mối quan hệ ngoại giao
Example: As countries become more economically dependent on one another, their diplomatic relationship will be strengthened and there are less chances for wars.
– Outsource (verb)
Meaning: Obtain (goods or a service) by contract from an outside supplier.
Vietnamese: thuê ngoài
Example: Even though globalisation creates jobs in developing countries, it may lead to rising unemployment in developed countries as companies outsource their jobs to foreign labours who are willing to work for lower pay
– Exploit (verb)
Meaning: Make full use of and derive benefit from (a resource)
Vietnamese: khai thác, tận dụng
Example: In many factories of big companies in developing countries, the working conditions are often poor and workers are exploited for very low pay.
– Foreign aid (noun phrase)
Meaning: Money, food, or other resources given or lent by one country to another
Vietnamese: Viện trợ nước ngoài
– Basic necessities (noun phrase)
Vietnamese: Các vật dụng cần thiết cho cuộc sống
Example: Many countries are so poor that without foreign aids, the people will not even have access to basic necessities such as water or electricity.
– Humanitarian (adjective)
Meaning: Concerned with or seeking to promote human welfare
Vietnamese: Nhân đạo
– In need (phrase)
Meaning: Needing (something)
Vietnamese: cần thiết
Example: Giving out foreign aids is a humanitarian act and it encourages other countries or organisations to follow the lead and help those in need.
– Infectious disease (noun phrase)
Meaning: An illness that can be spread from one person to another
Vietnamese: Bệnh truyền nhiễm
Example: Foreign aids in the form of medical assistance will help fight diseases in poor countries, thus preventing the spread of infectious diseases that may eventually reach developed countries.
– Criticize (verb)
Meaning: Indicate the faults of (someone or something) in a disapproving way.
Vietnamese: chỉ trích
Example: Many people in developed countries criticize that their governments should not be giving out foreign aids as there are still many issues at home that are not yet solved and require a lot of money.
– Official (noun)
Meaning: A person holding public office or public duties
Vietnamese: Quan chức
– Corrupt (verb)
Meaning: Having or showing a willingness to act dishonestly in return for money or personal gain.
Vietnamese: tham nhũng
Example: Aids in the form of money are often wasted as many officials in developing countries are corrupted and put the money in their own pockets instead of helping those in need.
– Dependent (adj)
Meaning: Contingent on or determined by.
Vietnamese: phụ thuộc
Example: It can also be argued that foreign aids actually make countries more dependent, rather than independent as they can always claim to be a “developing country”, and not take responsibility for their own future.
Vậy là trên đây đã là khá nhiều các từ vựng liên quan đến chủ đề Global problems rồi đúng không nào. Các bạn hãy chọn lọc các từ sao cho chuẩn xác để áp dụng vào từng đề bài cụ thể nhé.
Một trong 4 tiêu chí chấm điểm Writing task 2 của ban giám khảo là lexical resource, tức là tiêu chí về từ vựng chiếm đên 25% tổng số điểm. Vì vậy, hãy chắc chắn rằng bạn nắm được những nguyên tắc về từ vựng trong IELTS task 2 nếu muốn đạt điểm cao để không bị trừ điểm đáng tiếc.
Chúc các bạn học thật tốt!