Không thể phủ nhận rằng chủ đề Environment là chủ đề rất quen thuộc với những bạn đang theo dõi đề Writing Task 2 qua các kỳ thi để chuẩn bị cho kỳ thi thật của mình.
Trong bài Writing, việc thiếu hụt từ vựng hay và đúng chủ đề là trở ngại lớn của các bạn bên cạnh thiếu hụt ý tưởng. Các bạn hãy cùng vừa tham khảo blog này của chúng mình và cuốn “Phát triển từ vựng và ý tưởng theo chủ đề cho IELTS Writing” mà Etrain đã biên soạn để có cái nhìn toàn diện hơn trong quá trình học và ôn thi của mình nhé!
Types of pollution
– Air Pollution (noun)
Meaning: any contamination of the atmosphere that disturbs the natural composition and chemistry of the air.
Vietnamese: ô nhiễm không khí
– Water Pollution (noun)
Meaning: involves any contaminated water, whether from chemical, particulate, or bacterial matter that degrades the water’s quality and purity.
Vietnamese: ô nhiễm nước
– Soil Pollution (noun)
Meaning: Soil, or land pollution, is contamination of the soil that prevents natural growth and balance in the land whether it is used for cultivation, habitation, or a wildlife preserve.
Vietnamese: ô nhiễm đất
– Noise Pollution (noun)
Meaning: Noise pollution refers to undesirable levels of noises caused by human activity that disrupt the standard of living in the affected area.
Vietnamese: ô nhiễm tiếng ồn
– Radioactive Pollution (noun)
Meaning: Radioactive pollution is rare but extremely detrimental, and even deadly, when it occurs.
Vietnamese: ô nhiễm chất phóng xạ
– Thermal Pollution (noun)
Meaning: Thermal pollution is excess heat that creates undesirable effects over long periods of time.
Vietnamese: ô nhiễm nhiệt điện
– Light Pollution (noun)
Meaning: Light pollution is the over illumination of an area that is considered obtrusive.
Vietnamese: ô nhiễm ánh sáng
Causes of pollution
– Combustion (noun)
Meaning: the process of burning
Vietnamese: Sự đốt cháy, sự cháy
– Fossil fuel (noun phrase)
Meaning: fuel such as coal or oil, that was formed over millions of years from the remains of animals or plants
Vietnamese: nhiên liệu hóa thạch
Example: The first cause of air pollution is the combustion of fossil fuels that drives the industrial process.
– Automobile (noun)
Meaning: a car
Vietnamese: ô tô
Example: Another cause of air pollution is common forms of transportation like automobiles, planes and ships which generally use combustion to harness energy from fossil fuel.
– Toxic (adjective)
Vietnamese: độc, có độc
Example: In fact, natural processes such as volcano eruptions also release a lot of toxic substances (sulfur dioxide) into the air.
– Agricultural farming activity (noun phrase)
Meaning: the activity related to agriculture
Vietnamese: hoạt động canh tác nông nghiệp
Example: The main culprit of soil pollution is agricultural farming.
– Pesticide (noun)
Meaning: a chemical used for killing pests, especially insects
Vietnamese: thuốc trừ sâu
– Break down (phrasal verb)
Meaning: to make a substance separate into parts or change into a different form in a chemical process
Vietnamese: phân hủy
Example: To have a high crop yield, farmers utilize modern pesticides and fertilizers, which are full of chemicals not produced in nature and cannot be broken down.
– Fertilizer (noun)
Meaning: a substance added to soil to make plants grow more successfully
Vietnamses: phân bón
Example: As a result, they seep into the ground and reduce the fertility of the soil.
– Waste disposal (noun phrase)
Meaning: the act of getting rid of waste
Vietnamese: vứt rác
Example: Another culprit of soil pollution is waste disposal.
– Dump something (verb)
Meaning: get rid of something
Vietnamese: vứt bỏ cái gì
Example: Both industry and households are contributors to the increasing amount of waste dumped into the environment.
– Acid rain (noun phrase)
Meaning: rain that contains harmful chemicals from factory gases and that damages trees, crops and buildings
Vietnamese: mưa axit
– Dissolve (verb)
Meaning: to mix with a liquid and become part of it
Vietnamese: hòa tan, tan ra
Example: Final culprit of soil pollution is acid rain, in which contaminated water could dissolve some of the important nutrients in soil and change the structure of the soil.
– Contaminate (verb)
Vietnamese: ô nhiễm
– Sewage (noun)
Meaning: used water and waste substances that are produced by human bodies, that are carried away from houses and factories through special pipes
Vietnamese: sự tưới tiêu
Example: The first cause of water contamination in many developed communities is due to wastewater and sewage dumped straight into the sea or river.
– Treat (verb)
Meaning: to use a chemical substance or process to clean, protect, preserve, etc. something
Vietnamese: xử lý
Example: Even though they are treated, they are never the same as fresh water.
– Leakage (noun)
Meaning: The accidental admission or escape of liquid or gas through a hole or crack.
Vietnamese: sự rò rỉ
– Water body (compound noun)
Meaning: the places that contain a large amount of water
Vietnamese: bể chứa
Example: Another cause of water pollution is oil leakage, ending up contaminating many nearby water bodies.
– Pollutants released (collocation)
Vietnamese: Khí thải vào môi trường
Example: The high cost of fuel can be invested in reducing the quantity of pollutants released into the air.
Consequences of pollution
– Environment degradation (compound noun)
Meaning: the process in which the environment become damaged
Vietnamese: sự xuống cấp của môi trường
Example: The first effect of environmental pollution is environment degradation.
– Oil spill (compound noun)
Meaning: an act when oil leaking out a container
Vietnamese: tràn dầu, rò rỉ dầu
Example: Water pollution in terms of oil spill may lead to the death of several wildlife species.
– Smog (noun)
Meaning: a form of air pollution that is or looks like a mixture of smoke and fog, especially in cities
Vietnamese: hỗn hợp khói và sương
– Photosynthesis (noun)
Meaning: the process by which green plants turn carbon dioxideand water into food using energy obtained from light from the sun
Vietnamese: quá trình quang hợp
Example: The increasing amount of smog emitted into the air through industrial processes and transportation may prevent plants in the process of photosynthesis.
– Greenhouse gases (compound noun)
Meaning: any of the gases that are thought to cause the greenhouse effect, especially carbon dioxide
Vietnamese: khí nhà kính
– Global warming (compound noun)
Meaning: A gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth’s atmosphere generally attributed to the greenhouse effect caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide, CFCs, and other pollutants.
Vietnamese: sự nóng lên toàn cầu
Example: Another effect of pollution is that the emission of greenhouse gases particularly CO2 can lead to global warming.
– Polar ice caps (compound noun)
Meaning: a layer of ice permanently covering parts of the earth, especially around the North and South Poles
Vietnamese: tảng băng ở cực
Example: The global warming causes the melting of polar ice caps, increasing sea level and posing danger for people living in coastal areas.
Solutions for pollution
– Environmentally friendly (adjective)
Meaning: not harming the environment
Vietnamese: thân thiện với môi trường
– Energy efficient device (compound noun)
Meaning: the device that save energy
Vietnamese: thiết bị hiệu quả với năng lượng
Example: It is more environmentally friendly to use energy efficient devices which consume less electricity in order to reduce the amount of fossil fuel consumption.
– Feasible measure (noun)
Vietnamese: Giải pháp khả thi
Example: While some people agree that the most feasible measure to deal with this problem is to raise the price of fuel, I think it is an effective solution, but far from being the best.
– Pollutant treating system (noun)
Vietnamese: Hệ thống sử lí ô nhiễm
Example: Government will have more funding for research projects to find out eco-friendly energy sources or upgrade pollutant treating system, so the environment can be protected due to the tax of the fuel.
Trên đây là rất nhiều từ cũng như cụm từ vựng dùng trong Writing Task 2 với topic Environment rồi, dù không khó nhưng để dùng linh hoạt thì có thể là một thử thách với các bạn mới học IELTS. Vậy thì các bạn hãy lấy giấy bút ra, học từ và áp dụng vào từng đề bài cụ thể xem sao nhé!