Tiếp theo chuỗi các blogs từ vựng Writing đã chia sẻ, hôm nay Etrain gửi đến các bạn các cụm từ vựng hay và đắt trong một chủ đề rất quen thuộc nhưng cũng khá rộng đối với các bạn đang học và ôn thi IELTS. Đó là chủ đề về Education – giáo dục. Các bạn hãy xem từ vựng chủ đề giáo dục trong Writing có gì khác so với từ vựng chủ đề này trong Speaking nhé.
Dười đây chúng mình đã chia chủ đề Education thành các mục nhỏ hơn để các bạn tiện theo dõi nhé!
Coeducation and single sex education
Positives of coeducation
– Dismiss gender misconception (phrase)
Meaning: eliminate the thinking related to gender
Vietnamese: loại bỏ những hiểu lầm về giới tính
– Respect (verb)
Meaning: Admire (someone or something) deeply, as a result of their abilities, qualities, or achievements.
Vietnamese: tôn trọng
Example: Teachers will be able to educate boys to respect women, dismiss gender misconceptions and differentiate between rude and chivalrous.
– Treat/ Regard somebody as the equal (phrase)
Meaning: when you treat somebody or regard somebody as your equals, it means you consider them having the same quality, status … as you have
Vietnamese: đối xửa ai đó/ xem ai đó như người có cùng địa vị
Example: In the future, this may lead to a more balanced society where women can be treated as equals to men.
– Mirror (verb)
Meaning: Show reflection of/Correspond to
Vietnamese: Phản chiếu
Example: Coeducation gives every child the chance to be in an environment that mirrors the real world.
Positives of single-sex education
– Nature (noun)
Meaning: Basic features or characters, qualities
Vietnamese: Bản chất
Example: The first reason why single-sex education may be beneficial is that boys and girls are different in.
– Curriculum (noun)
Meaning: The subjects comprising a course of study in a school or college
Vietnamese: Giáo trình
– Tailor (verb)
Meaning: Make or adapt for a particular purpose or person
Vietnamese: Thiết kế dành riêng cho một người hay một mục đích
Example: The curriculum should be tailored so as to best fit the needs and characters of each gender.
– Impress (verb)
Meaning: Make (someone) feel admiration and respect.
Vietnamese: gây ấn tượng
– Tutorial (noun)
Meaning: A period of tuition given to an individual or a class by a tutor in a school
Vietnamese: Một tiết học
– Misconduct (noun)
Meaning: Unacceptable or improper behaviour
Vietnamese: Một hành vi không hợp phép, sai trái
Example: Boys and girls in single-sex education don’t have to worry about impressing the other gender. Thus, they can focus better during tutorials and stay clear of unnecessary misconducts.
– Cultural norm (noun phrase)
Meaning: A required standard resulting from the culture of a place
Vietnamese: Chuẩn mực văn hoá
– Religious requirement (noun phrase)
Meaning: A condition that is set by a religion
Vietnamese: Điều kiện tôn giáo
Example: in some countries, single-sex education should be implemented so as to respect the cultural norms or religious requirements of that particular country.
Education in developing countries
– Developing countries (compound noun)
Meaning: Countries that are still poor economically and are seeking to industrialise
Vietnamese: Các nước nghèo về kinh tế và vẫn đang muốn công nghiệp hoá.
– A barrier to something (noun)
Meaning: a problem, rule or situation that prevents somebody from doing something, or that makes something impossible
Vietnamese: Rào cản với cái gì
Example: The first barrier to education in developing countries is a lack of access to schools.
– Inaccessible (adjective)
Meaning: Unable to be reached
Vietnamese: Không thể được chạm tới
Example: Despite their desire to go to school, many children may still find an education inaccessible due to the limitation of travel or transports.
– Literacy rate (compound noun)
Meaning: Percentage of population who can read and write
Vietnamese: Tỉ lệ dân số biết đọc và viết
– Illiterate (adjective)
Meaning: Unable to read or write
Vietnamese: Không biết đọc và viết
Example: Another problem is the low literacy rate in developing countries. Illiterate children find it impossible to go to school if they are unable to understand books or write down their opinions.
– Donation (noun)
Meaning: Something given to a charity or an organisation (often a sum of money)
Vietnamese: Một sự ủng hộ (thường là tiền bạc) cho một quỹ từ thiện hay tổ chức.
Example: The problem in developing countries is that they don’t have enough budget to build schools or roads, therefore, developed countries can thus help them by offering.
– Financial aid (noun phrase)
Meaning: A sum of money given to someone to help with a cause
Vietnamese: Hỗ trợ kinh tế
– Overcome (verb)
Meaning: Succeed in dealing with (a problem or difficulty)
Vietnamese: Vượt qua (một khó khăn hoặc một vấn đề)
– Corruption (noun)
Meaning: Dishonest or fraudulent conduct by someone in power, especially involving bribery
Vietnamese: Tham nhũng
Example: However, some developing countries must overcome their corruption problem, to ensure that all financial aids are used for the correct purpose.
– Philanthrophist (noun)
Meaning: A person who seeks to improve the welfare of others, especially through financial donations.
Vietnamese: Nhà hảo tâm
Example: Philanthropists around the world can also help by organising charity programmes to build Internet network, provide computers or technological training.
– Higher education (noun phrase)
Meaning: Education beyond high school, especially in a college or university
Vietnamese: Giáo dục đại học
– Employment prospect (noun phrase)
Meaning: Ability to be employed
Vietnamese: Triển vọng được tuyển dụng
Example: The biggest benefit of receiving higher education to an individual is a better employment prospect.
– Knowledge-based (adjective)
Meaning: To be based on knowledge
Vietnamese: Thiên về trí tuệ
– Savvy (noun)
Meaning: Shrewdness and practical knowledge
Vietnamese: Kĩ năng ứng dụng, sự thông thái
– Degree (noun)
Meaning: An academic rank offered by a college or university after completion of a programme
Vietnamese: Bằng (bằng đại học)
Example: Economies are becoming more and more knowledge-based, most high-paying jobs require specific savvy and skills, therefore, degree will open the door to these opportunities.
– Repetitive manual job (phrase)
Vietnamese: công việc tay chân lặp đi lặp lại
– Marginalize (verb)
Meaning: Treat (a person) as insignificant or unimportant
Vietnamese: Cho (ai đó) ra rìa/Không coi trọng (ai đó)
Example: Furthermore, repetitive manual jobs will soon all be done by machines, therefore, to avoid being marginalised, a higher education is indispensable.
– Diverse workforce (compound noun)
Meaning: A population of labor that specialises in many different fields
Vietnamese: Nguồn nhân công phong phú, đa dạng
Example: However, for a nation to maintain a healthy economy, it will need a diverse workforce. Manual labor will always be needed in jobs that don’t require knowledge.
– Cognitive ability (noun phrase)
Meaning: The ability related to mental activities and problem solving
Vietnamese: Kĩ năng suy nghĩ và xử lí tình huống
– Shoulder the financial burden (Idiom)
Meaning: To take on the difficulties involving a lack of money
Vietnamese: Chịu đựng gánh nặng tài chính
Example: On a personal level, people may also decide that higher education is not suitable for them based on their cognitive ability, or their ability to shoulder the financial burden of a college education.
– Gifted (adjective)
Meaning: Having exceptional talent or natural ability
Vietnamese: Có tài năng thiên bẩm
Example: Highly-gifted individuals may also find the curriculums in universities to be too restrictive, thus deciding to pursue their own path for more freedom.
– Prestigious (adjective)
Meaning: Having high status, well-known and respected
Vietnamese: Có danh tiếng
Example: For students in developing countries, prestigious universities abroad may offer them a much better education, which will help them reach for better job opportunities in the future.
– To broaden one’s horizon (Idiom)
Meaning: To gain more understanding about new things and ideas
Vietnamese: Mở rộng sự hiểu biết
Example: In addition, studying abroad will broaden the students’ horizons as they are exposed to different cultures and customs.
– Independent (adjective)
Meaning: Free from outside control
Vietnamese: độc lập
Example: Living alone in a foreign country will force the students to be more independent, and these experiences will be useful as they enter adult life.
– Homesickness (noun)
Meaning: A feeling of longing for one’s home during a period of absence from it
Example: cảm giác nhớ nhà
– Autism (noun)
Meaning: A disorder involving a difficulty in social communication
Vietnamese: Bệnh tự kỉ
Example: Living alone in a foreign country may lead to mental problems such as homesickness or autism.
– Monitor (verb)
Meaning: Observe, check the quality of (something)
Vietnamese: Theo dõi, quan sát
– Mature (adjective)
Meaning: Having reached a stage of mental and emotional development characteristic of an adult
Vietnamese: Trưởng thành
– To be led astray (phrase)
Meaning: To be taken on a wrong path
Vietnamese: Bị đưa vào con đường sai trái
Example: Without parents to monitor while studying abroad, students who are less mature may also be influenced by bad people and be led astray.
Corporal punishment or firm discipline for young children
– Corporal punishment (noun phrase)
Meaning: Physical punishment such as caning, spanking
Vietnamese: Hình phạt thể xác, có thể bằng roi hoặc gậy
Example: Corporal punishment may be an effective way of disciplining children as it can be used to draw a line when certain actions become absolutely unacceptable.
– Scold (verb)
Meaning: Rebuke (someone) angrily
Vietnamese: Mắng mỏ
– Futile (adjective)
Meaning: incapable of producing any useful results
Vietnamese: Vô dụng, vô nghĩa
Example: Scolding can be a first line of punishment, but it may become futile after being used repeatedly, therefore, corporal punishment is necessary.
– Intolerable (adjective)
Meaning: Unable to be endured
Vietnamese: Không thể chịu đựng nổi
Example: As corporal punishment affects the children in a more painful way compared to scolding, it helps distinguish which behaviours are.
– Resentment (noun)
Meaning: Bitter unhappiness for being treated unfairly
Vietnamese: Sự cay đắng, giận hờn khi bị đối xử không công bằng
– Mistrust (noun)
Meaning: Lack of trust
Vietnamese: Sự thiếu tin tưởng
Example: However, some people say that corporal punishment is not a good way to educate children as it creates an atmosphere of resentment and mistrust between the children and their parents or teachers.
– Delinquency (noun)
Meaning: Minor crime, especially committed by young people
Vietnamese: Tội nhỏ, thường được mắc bởi trẻ vị thanh niên (ví dụ: trộm cắp vặt, ăn hiếp)
Example: The children will grow up in an environment of fear, instead of love if they are suffered from the corporal punishment. This will affect their mental health and may lead them into delinquencies or even more serious crimes.
Positives of free education
– Background (noun)
Meaning: A person’s social, education and experience circumstances
Vietnamese: lý lịch
Example: Countries with free education can provide children from all background with an education.
– Gap between the rich and the poor (phrase)
Meaning: The difference in wealth between rich people and poor people in a country
Vietnamese: Khoảng cách giàu nghèo
Example: When everyone is given the same opportunities, the gap between the rich and the poor will soon be eradicated.
– Eradicate (verb)
Meaning: Destroy completely
Vietnamese: Xoá bỏ hoàn toàn
– Tuition fee (noun phrase)
Meaning: An amount of money a person must pay to get access to a course of education
Vietnamese: Học phí
Example: There are many cases of bright students who are born into poor families who can’t afford to pay for tuition fees. If free education is eradicated, it not only can help students gain the benefits for themselves, but they will also contribute back to society, using their skills and talent.
– Student loan (noun phrase)
Meaning: An amount of money owed as debt, taken out to pay for educational expenses
Vietnamese: Khoản vay sinh viên
Example: If free tuition is introduced, no students will have to take student loans ever again. Free from debts upon graduation, they can then afford to buy houses or cars earlier.
Positives of charging tuition for students/families
– Relieve the financial burden (phrase)
Meaning: Reduce the amount of money that has to be paid
Vietnamese: Giảm gánh nặng tài chính
Example: The first benefit of charging tuition fees for students is that it will relieve the financial burden from the government.
– State funding (noun phrase)
Meaning: Money provided by the government
Vietnamese: Trợ cấp từ nhà nước
Example: Moreover, when schools have to use their own resources instead of state funding, they will have to be more cost efficient.
– Enrolment (noun)
Meaning: the action of officially registering in an education institution or a course
Vietnamese: Nhập học
Example: Given the high cost of enrolment, these schools will also have to improve the quality of their education to satisfy the students and their families.
– Graduate (noun)
Meaning: A person who has graduated from a university or a course
Vietnamese: Sinh viên tốt nghiệp
Example: when students have to pay for their education, they will have to take it more seriously to gain the most from the money spent. This will increase both the quantity and quality of
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