Như các bạn đã biết, Art là một chủ đề quen thuộc với các sĩ tử đang học và ôn IELTS và chủ đề này đang trở nên phổ biến hơn trong các năm gần đây.
Tuy nhiên việc biết đến các từ vựng cũng như áp dụng từ vào từng đề bài cụ thể với nhiều bạn còn chưa thực sự thành thục.
Chính vì vậy, hôm nay Etrain sẽ gửi đến các bạn một số cụm từ đắt dùng trong chủ đề này để các bạn cùng học và áp dụng nhé!
Importance of arts
– Creativity skill (compound noun)
Meaning: The skill of imagination or original ideas to create something
Vietnamese: kỹ năng sáng tạo
Example: Arts improve the creativity skills. Whether it is cooking, painting or music, people do art as if it is their own.
– Masterpiece (noun)
Meaning: A work of outstanding artistry, skill, or workmanship
Vietnamese: kiệt tác
Example: They can create the masterpieces by their own by using visual and mental effects.
– Relieve (verb)
Meaning: Cause (pain, distress, or difficulty) to become less severe or serious
Vietnamese: làm giảm
Example: Arts also relieve stress and express people’s emotions.
– Immerse in something (verb)
Meaning: Dip or submerge in something.
Vietnamese: đắm chìm trong cái gì đó
Example: All the tiredness and hardship will be set aside when they immerse themselves in the art.
– Share the same taste of art (phrasal verb)
Meaning: Have the same flavor of art
Vietnamese: có chung gu nghệ thuật
Example: Arts help people to communicate with other people who share the same taste of art.
– Capture (verb)
Meaning: To catch
Vietnamese: Nắm bắt
Example: Arts is not merely a tool with which to express, but also a way to capture moments of celebration, of happiness to share with the world of today, as well as the world of tomorrow.
– Timeless (adjective)
Meaning: Not affected by the passage of time or changes in fashion.
Vietnamese: Vô tận
– Fade (verb)
Meaning: Gradually grow faint and disappear.
Vietnamese: Phai mờ
Example: Arts is timeless; people will pass away, fade into the pages of history books—but books, plays, poetry, priceless pieces of art and music – they shall never fade.
Funding for arts
– Cultural heritage (noun phrase)
Meaning: Property that is or may be inherited related to culture
Vietnamese: Di sản văn hóa
Example: Art forms are an integral part of the nation’s cultural heritage.
– Pursue (verb)
Meaning: To follow something or someone
Vietnamese: Theo đuổi
– Career path (compound noun)
Meaning: The way of an occupation
Vietnamese: Con đường sự nghiệp
Example: The assistance from the government can encourage them to pursue their career path and create more masterpieces.
– Government funding (noun phrase)
Meaning: The action of using money provided by a country’s government.
Vietnamese: Quỹ chính phủ
Example: Some people believe that spending money on arts and artists is wasteful as there are several other sectors that desperately need government funding.
– Raise the voice (phrasal verb)
Meaning: Speak more loudly.
Vietnamese: Lên tiếng
Example: The other artists who cannot raise their voice should change their direction to another career path.
Một ví dụ điển hình cho sub-topic này là đề thi task 2 ngày 07.04.2018: “Some people think the government funding should not be used for supporting art and culture, while others think supporting cultural activities may be beneficial for the population and the culture. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion“. Bài mẫu cho đề thi này ngoài vận dụng triệt để các từ vựng trên còn có một số từ khác để các bạn thêm vào list từ vựng chủ đề art nữa đấy.
Censorship of arts and artists
– Tension (noun)
Meaning: The state of being stretched tight.
Vietnamese: Sự căng thẳng
– Multicultural (adjective)
Meaning: Relating to or constituting several cultural or ethnic groups within a society.
Vietnamese: Đa văn hóa
Example: Art could be used as a tool to create such tensions among different groups of people, especially in a multicultural environment in the hands of some artists.
– Censor (verb)
Meaning: Examine (a book, movie, etc.) officially and suppress unacceptable parts of it.
Vietnamese: Kiểm duyệt
Example: For that reason, government needs to censor these pieces of art.
– Suppression (noun)
Meaning: The action of suppressing something such as an activity or publication.
Vietnamese: Sự áp chế, đàn áp
Example: Some people believe that censoring the freedom of artists could lead to suppression of basic human rights.
– Feminism (noun)
Meaning: The right for women
Vietnamese: Chủ nghĩa nữ quyền
Example: Somehow the pieces of art can say things that people cannot say such as feminism or political issues.
– Mislead (verb)
Meaning: Cause (someone) to have a wrong idea or impression about someone or something.
Vietnamese: đánh lừa, dối gạt, gây ấn tượng sai lầm
Example: As a result, art should not be censored to avoid being misled.
Teaching arts at school
– Promote (verb)
Meaning: Further the progress of (something, especially a cause, venture, or aim); support or actively encourage.
Vietnamese: Thúc đẩy
Example: Art is an essential subject which children, especially young children, should learn in order to help promote their creativity and imagination.
– Convey (meaning) (verb)
Vietnamese: Bộc lộ, truyền tải (ý nghĩa)
Example: Children can convey meaning through pictures and symbols by using art.
– Gifted (adjective)
Meaning: Having exceptional talent or natural ability.
Vietnamese: Có năng khiếu
Example: Several children are gifted in their abilities and studying art subjects can nurture their talent.
– Realistic (adjective)
Meaning: accepting in a sensible way what it is actually possible to do or achieve in a particular situation
Vietnamese: Thực tế
– Stable (adjective)
Meaning: Not likely to change or fail; firmly established.
Vietnamese: ổn định
Example: We should be realistic that salary in the jobs like engineering or officers is more stable comparatively to the pieces of art such as paintings or pieces of music.
– Entertain (verb)
Meaning: Provide (someone) with amusement or enjoyment.
Vietnamese: Giải trí
Example: the main role of the museum is to entertain. Museums are tourist attractions, and their aim is to exhibit a collection of interesting objects that many people will want to see.
– Patriotism (noun)
Meaning: The quality of being patriotic; devotion to and vigorous support for one’s country.
Vietnamese: lòng yêu nước
Example: The museum plays its role as an institution that tells the story of mankind or the development of a nation, therefore, visiting museum can encourage patriotism among citizens.
– House something (verb)
Meaning: to be the place where something is kept or where something operates from
Vietnamese: Chứa cái gì
– Collection (noun)
Meaning: a group of objects, often of the same sort, that have been collected
Vietnamese: bộ sưu tập
– Artefact (noun)
Meaning: an object that is made by a person, especially something of historical or cultural interest
Vietnamese: hiện vật (lịch sử hay văn hóa)
– Relic (noun)
Meaning: an object, a tradition, a system, etc. that has survived from the past
Vietnamese: di tích, di vật
– Artistic and historical artefact (noun phrase)
Meaning: an object that has artistic and historical values
Vietnamese: hiện vật lịch sử và nghệ thuật
Example: Thirdly, the museum can be used for the purpose education as it houses spectacular collections, artefacts, and historical relics that are important for research or teaching
– Maintenance (noun)
Meaning: The process of preserving a condition or situation or the state of being preserved.
Vietnamese: Sự duy trì
Example: Ticket money helps the museum or historical sites guarantee their maintenance in terms of facilities.
– Relocate (verb)
Meaning: Move to a new place and establish one’s home or business there.
Vietnamese: Sự điều động, di chuyển lại
Example: These fees can be used to reduce subsidies that have been given by the government. The fund could be relocated by the government for other important matters such as education, public health or transportations.
– Preserve (verb)
Meaning: Maintain (something) in its original or existing state.
Vietnamese: Bảo tồn
Example: They also raise their awareness of preserving these historical sites while paying entrance fee.
– Taxpayer (noun)
Meaning: A person who pays taxes.
Vietnamese: người trả thuế
Example: Museums and historical sites have been funded by the government through taxes that have been paid by taxpayers. When museums charge entrance fees, it means that people are paying double charges.
– Attractive (adj)
Meaning: Pleasing or appealing to the senses.
Vietnamese: thu hút, hấp dẫn
Example: Although these places contain historical and artistic artefacts, these are not popular and attractive destinations. If the public is charged when visiting these places, it is predicted that there will be fewer people coming.
– Transparency (noun)
Meaning: The condition of being transparent.
Vietnamese: sự minh bạch
Example: The government also lacks transparency, so people do not know where the cash flow of the entrance fees go, which creates doubtfulness among residents and the government.
Như vậy Etrain đã gửi đến các bạn một số từ vựng hay trong chủ đề Arts rồi đúng không nào. Chúng mình cũng chia ra thành các đề mục nhỏ hơn trong chủ đề này mà các đề thi gần đây hay hỏi để các bạn tiện theo dõi nữa nhé.
Chúc các bạn học tập thật tốt!