Từ vựng luôn là yếu tố quan trọng bạn nên cân nhắc khi bắt đầu xây dựng chiến lược học IELTS Speking để đạt điểm cao. Hãy kiểm tra vốn từ vựng của mình khi bắt đầu học IELTS và có phương pháp học từ vựng phù hợp. Một trong những cách học từ vựng nhớ lâu là theo học các học theo từng chủ đề.
Kinh doanh là chủ đề khá mới lạ với các bạn đang học và ôn thi IELTS, nhưng trong những quý gần đây chủ đề này ngày càng trở nên phổ biến hơn.
Tuy nhiên đây không phải là chủ đề dễ, nhất là với các bạn chưa có kiến thức nhiều về lĩnh vực này. Chính vì vậy, hôm nay Etrain gửi đến các bạn một số từ và cụm từ vựng có thể áp dụng vào trong bài nói để làm cho bài của mình trở nên dễ dàng hơn nhé.
Một số danh từ/cụm danh từ
- Cut-throat competition (n.p): when one company lowers its prices, forcing other companies to do the same, sometimes to a point where business becomes unprofitable – phá giá
E.g: A lot of companies haven’t been able to survive with such cut-throat competition.
- Niche business (n): a business that serves a small, particular market – kinh doanh mặt hàng cụ thể nào đó
E.g: It’s a small niche business that runs courses in how to cook.
- Cash flow (n): the money coming in and going out of a business – dòng tiền
E.g: The cash flow is healthy which helps him develop his own business.
- Sales figure (n): a report of the income a company generates through sales of products or services – doanh số
E.g: Seeing your sales figures improving must be wonderful.
- Stiff competition (n): strong competition from other companies in the same area of work – cạnh tranh
E.g: It is a good idea the chances are someone else is doing the same thing so you could end up facing stiff competition.
- Debt (n): A sum of money that is owed or due – nợ nần
E.g: I paid off my debts.
- Stakeholder (n): A person with an interest or concern in something, especially a business – cổ đông
E.g: He is a big stakeholder and holds a large number of the company’s affairs.
- Customer (n): A person who buys goods or services from a shop or business – khách hàng
E.g: Mr Harrison was a regular customer at the Golden Lion.
- Founder (n): A person who manufactures articles of cast metal; the owner or operator of a foundry – người sáng lập
E.g: The founders of Microsoft are Bill Gates and Paul Allen started their own business in 1975.
- Entrepreneur (n): A person who sets up a business or businesses, taking on financial risks in the hope of profit – người thành lập
E.g: Many entrepreneurs see potential in this market.
Một số động từ/cụm động từ
- Run one’s own business (v): to have a business of your own – tự làm chủ
E.g: I run my own business actually.
- To set up the business (v): to start a business – bắt đầu công việc kinh doanh
E.g: I set up the business 5 years ago.
- To work for myself (v): To be self-employed – tự lập nghiệp
E.g: I’m really enjoying working for myself.
- To draw up a business plan (phrasal verb): to write a plan for a new business – lên kế hoạch kinh doanh
E.g: I think I’d enjoy the process of drawing up a business plan and seeing if I could be successful.
- To go bust = to go under (v): when a business is forced to close because it is unsuccessful – ngừng hoạt động
E.g: It used to be a busy centre but lots of shops have gone bust.
- To make a profit (v): to earn more money than it costs to run the business – mang lại lợi nhuận
E.g: It must be very difficult to make a profit when you have huge supermarkets in the area.
- To go into business with (v): to join another person to start or expand a business – hợp tác kinh doanh
E.g: The owner uses his kitchen for the courses and went into business with a local community shop.
- To take on employee (v): to employ people – tuyển dụng nhân viên
E.g: We don’t have plans to take on employees or expand into new areas.
- To earn a living (v): to earn money – kiếm sống
E.g: He’s happy earning a living doing the thing he loves.
- To have a web presence (v): to have a website or social media profile that showcases your business – có trang web đại diện
E.g: He has a web presence to make sure the products have exposure to the potential customers.
- To raise the company profile (v): to make more people aware of a business – quảng bá sản phẩm
E.g: He uses social media to raise the company profile.
- To balance the books (v): to not spend more money than you are earning – cân bằng tài chính
E.g: He’s managing to balance the books.
- To launch product (v): to start selling and promoting a new product – bắt đầu bán 1 sản phẩm
- To win a contract (v): when a business gets legally-binding work with an individual or company – thắng hợp đồng
E.g: Launching products and winning contracts are the best things you can see while setting up the business.
- To do market research (v): to do research into what potential customers would or wouldn’t buy – khảo sát thị trường
E.g: some people say you need to do market research beforehand so you know what the market wants.
- To take out a business loan (v): to borrow money – vay vốn
E.g: Personally I don’t like being in debt so taking out a business loan wouldn’t suit me at all.
- To go bankrupt (v): Stop running business – phá sản
E.g: The number of travel agencies has reduced sharply because almost of them went bankrupt last year.
- To drum up business (v): to try to get customers – thúc đẩy kinh doanh
E.g: Many companies try to drum up business.
- To lay people off (v): when a company ends an employee’s contract of employment – kết thúc hợp đồng lao động
E.g: Laying people off if the business gets into trouble that would be horrible.
To cold call (v): to make a sales call to someone without asking them for permission first – gọi điện quảng cáo
E.g: He has been cold called a dozen times in the past two months.
Một số idioms
- A foot in the door (id): To manage to enter an organization, a field of business, etc. that could bring you success – bắt đầu một công việc nào đó
E.g: I always wanted to work for that company but it took me two years to get a foot in the door.
- Cash cow (id): the part of a business that always makes a profit and that provides money for the rest of the business – nguồn thu nhập chính
E.g: The new product became the company’s cash cow.
- Too many chiefs, not enough Indians (id): used to describe a situation in which there are too many people telling other people what to do, and not enough people to do the work – lắm thầy thiếu thợ
E.g: There are too many chiefs and not enough Indians in that company
- Eager beaver (id): an enthusiastic person who works very hard – người năng nổ
E.g: George is an eager beaver and is certain to succeed in business
- A slice of the pie (id): a share of something such as money, profits, etc.- chia phần
E.g: The company made big profits and the workers want a slice of the pie.
- Go belly up (id): To fail completely – thất bại
E.g: Last year the business went belly up after sales continued to fall.
- Golden handshake (id): A large sum of money that is given to somebody when they leave their job, or to persuade them to leave their job – tiền bồi thường
E.g: When Tom left the company he was given a golden handshake.
- Grease someone’s palm (id): to give somebody money in order to persuade them to do something dishonest – hối lộ
E.g: There are rumours that the company had to grease someone’s palms to get that contract.
- Hold the fort (id): to have the responsibility for something or care of somebody while other people are away or out – thay mặt ai chịu trách nhiệm
E.g: While the boss is out of the office, I’ll have to hold the fort.
- Keep head above water (id): to deal with a difficult situation, especially one in which you have financial problems, and just manage to survive – sống sót
E.g: Business is bad. I’m not sure how much longer we’ll be able to keep our heads above water.
- Sleeping partner (id): a person who has put money into a business company but who is not actually involved in running it – người đầu tư tiền nhưng không hoạt động kinh doanh
E.g: He found a sleeping partner to invest money in his business.
- Walking papers (id): the letter or notice dismissing somebody from a job – thư sa thải
E.g: Helen was given her walking papers yesterday.
- A dead duck (id): A plan, an event, etc. that has failed or is certain to fail and that is therefore not worth discussing – dự án thất bại
E.g: The project was a dead duck from the start due to a lack of funding.
Vậy là Etrain đã gửi đến các bạn khá nhiều cụm từ và cả thành ngữ thuộc về chủ đề kinh doanh để các bạn luyện tập rồi đúng không nào. Các bạn hãy cùng luyện tập ngay từ hôm nay nhé!